Definition & Describe all Types of Energy [20 types of energy]

What is energy in science

Energy is the capacity of doing work. It is the quantitative properties that transfer from one object to another object. Its unit is joule. Energy is a conserved quantity. This means that the total energy of the system remains constant but it converts from one form to another form. For example, we convert mechanical energy to electrical energy to produce electricity. There are different types of energies that explained below.

Describe different forms of energy and examples

Thermal Energy

It is created from the vibratory motion of atoms and molecules within substances. If the particles move they possess more energy and they become hotter. It is also called heat energy.

Thermal Energy

Chemical Energy

Chemical energy is stored between the bonds of atoms or molecules. It is the energy due to which these particles hold together. This Stored chemical energy is found in food, biomass, petroleum, and natural gas.

Chemical Energy

Nuclear Energy

This energy is stored in the nucleus of atoms. This energy is released when the fusion or fission process takes place. Nuclear power plants split the nucleus of uranium atoms for the production of electricity.

Nuclear Energy

Electrical Energy

This energy is the movement of electrons. The flows of electrons that move through a wire are called electricity. Lightning is the main example of electrical energy.

Electrical Energy

Radiant Energy

This is also known as electromagnetic energy or light energy, radiant energy is a type of energy that travels in waves. The energy from the sun, x-rays and radio waves are the example of radiant energy.

Radiant Energy

Light Energy

This energy is the form of electromagnetic radiation. Light energy consists of photons, that produced when the atoms of an object is heat up. Light travels in the form of waves and this includes only that form of energy which are visible to the human eye.

Light Energy

Motion Energy

Motion energy is also called mechanical energy. This energy is stored in an object; as objects move faster than more energy is stored. Wind, a flowing river, a moving car, or a person running is the example of motion energy.

Motion Energy

Sound Energy

Sound energy is the type of energy that produces by the motion of substances. It moves in waves form and is produced when a force makes an object or substance vibrate. There is usually less energy in sound than in all other forms of energy.

Sound Energy

Elastic Energy

This is a form of energy which is stored in an elastic object, such as a coiled spring or a stretched elastic band. Elastic objects store energy when a force causes them to be squashed or stretched.

Elastic Energy

Gravitational Energy

It is a form of energy. It is energy associated with gravitational force. In other words, the energy that holds by an object when it is in a high potential as compared to a lower potential.

Gravitational Energy

 

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